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Fibrinogène ET Plasma

Relative effects of plasma, fibrinogen concentrate, and factor XIII on ROTEM coagulation profiles in an in vitro model of massive transfusion in trauma.



Un travail qui est en faveur de l'association de fibrinogène et de plasma pour la prise en charge des hémorragies massives. Dans le contexte militaire, une stratégie basée sur l'apport initial du fibrinogène puis du Plyo apparaît censé (1). Lire les reco européennes.


Massive traumatic haemorrhage is aggravated through the development of trauma-induced coagulopathy, which is managed by plasma transfusion and/or fibrinogen concentrate administration. It is yet unclear whether these treatments are equally potent in ensuring adequate haemostasis, and whether additional factor XIII (FXIII) administration provides further benefits.

In this study, we compared ROTEM whole blood coagulation profiles after experimental massive transfusion with different transfusion regimens in an in vitro model of dilution- and transfusion-related coagulopathy. Healthy donor blood was mixed 1 + 1 with six different transfusion regimens. Each regimen contained RBC, platelet concentrate, and either fresh frozen plasma (FFP) or Ringer's acetate (RA). The regimens were further augmented through addition of a low- or medium-dose fibrinogen concentrate and FXIII.

Transfusion with FFP alone was insufficient to maintain tissue-factor activated clot strength, coincidental with a deficiency in fibrin-based clot strength. Fibrinogen concentrate conserved, but did not improve coagulation kinetics and overall clot strength. Only combination therapy with FFP and low-dose fibrinogen concentrate improved both coagulation kinetics and fibrin-based clot strength. Administration of FXIII did not result in an improvement of clot strength. In conclusion, combination therapy with both FFP and low-dose fibrinogen concentrate improved clotting time and produced firm clots, representing a possible preferred first-line regimen to manage trauma-induced coagulopathy when RBC and platelets are also transfused. Further research is required to identify optimal first-line transfusion fluids for massive traumatic haemorrhage.

| Tags : coagulopathie


SOFT-Tourniquet: Du nouveau

Tactical Médical Solutions qui est le fabricant du SOFT-Tourniquet, garrot en dotation dans l'armée française, propose une nouvelle version de son garrot Wide. Sa nouvelle boucle est d'emploi bien plus aisé que la précédente et positionne ce garrot parmi les tous meilleurs(CAT, SOFT-T, TK4,...)



Clic sur l'image pour accéder au site. Le distributeur en France.

| Tags : tourniquet


Hypothermie profonde: Pourquoi pas ?

Deep and profound hypothermia in haemorrhagic shock, friend or foe? A systematic review

Moffatt ES. et Al. J R Army Med Corps. 2017 May 11. pii: jramc-2016-000723.


Survival in exsanguinating cardiac arrest patients is poor, as is neurological outcome in survivors. Hypothermia has traditionally been seen as harmful to trauma patients and associated with increased mortality; however, there has been speculation that cooling to very low temperatures (≤20°C) could be used to treat haemorrhagic trauma patients by the induction of a suspended animation period through extreme cooling, which improves survival and preserves neurological function. This has been termed emergency preservation and resuscitation (EPR).


A systematic review of the literature was used to examine the evidence base behind the use of deep and profound hypothermia in haemorrhagic shock (HS). It included original research articles (human or animal) with cooling to ≤20°C after HS or an experimental model replicating it. Normovolaemic cardiac arrest, central nervous system injury and non-HS models were excluded.


Twenty articles using 456 animal subjects were included, in which 327 were cooled to ≤20°C. All studies describing good survival rates were possible using EPR and 19/20 demonstrated that EPR can preserve neurological function after prolonged periods of circulatory arrest or minimal circulatory flow. This additional period can be used for surgical intervention to arrest haemorrhage in HS that would otherwise be lethal.

Conclusions The outcomes of this review have significant implications for application to human patients and the ongoing human clinical trial (EPR for Cardiac Arrest from Trauma). Current evidence suggests that hypothermia ≤20°C used in the form of EPR could be beneficial to the HS patient.

| Tags : hypothermie