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24/07/2019

Examiner un bassin: Peu faible en préhospitalier

Clinical Examination of the Pelvic Ring in the Prehospital Phase.

 
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Bien que ce travail soit réalisé sur des trauma fermés,  il milite pour un emploi systématiques des ceintures pelviennes dès lors qu'il existe la notion de trauma à haute énergie
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INTRODUCTION:

Instable pelvic fractures are associated with significant hemorrhage and shock. Instability of the pelvic ring should be tested with the manual compression test (MCT) and instable pelvic ring fractures should prompt mechanical stabilization. However, the accuracy of the prehospital MCT in patients, that sustained a high energetic trauma, is still unknown.

SETTING:

Radboudumc Nijmegen, level 1 trauma center, the Netherlands.

METHODS:

This prospective blind observational study included all patients after a high impact blunt trauma treated by an experienced Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) physician. Nominal arranged questionnaires were filled in by the HEMS physician prior to the radiological examination of the patient.

RESULTS:

We included 56 patients of which 11 sustained a pelvic ring fracture. 13 patients were treated with pelvic compression devices, of which only five patients had a pelvic ring fracture. Prehospital performed clinical examination by the HEMS physicians had an overall sensitivity of 0.45 (95% CI 0.16-0.75) and a specificity of 0.93 (95% CI 0.29-0.96).

CONCLUSION:

Pelvic ring instability cannot accurately be diagnosed in the prehospital setting, based on the MCT. The use of the pelvic binder should standard in high impact blunt trauma patients, independently of the MCT or trauma mechanism.

| Tags : pelvis

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