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21/06/2015

Médecin EXPERIMENTÉ: Pronostic amélioré

Determining the composition and benefit of the pre-hospital medical response team in the conflict setting

Davis PR et Al. J R Army Med Corps. 2007 Dec;153(4):269-73

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La composition des équipes d'evasan tactique fait débat. La présence d'un médecin serait associée à une meilleure survie des blessés les plus graves, surtout si les délais de prise en charge par une équipe chirurgicales sont longs. Encore faut il que ce médecin ait de réelles compétences en matière de traumatologie et d'exercice de la médecine préhospitalière en situation isolée.

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Aim: To determine the optimal composition of the pre-hospital medical response team (MERT) and the value of prehospitalvcritical care interventions in a military setting, and specifically to determine both the benefit of including a doctor in the pre-hospital response team and the relevance of the time and distance to definitive care.

Method: A comprehensive review of the literature incorporating a range of electronic search engines and hand searches of key journals.

Results: There was no level 1 evidence on which to base conclusions. The 15 most relevant articles were analysed in detail. There was one randomized controlled trial (level 2 evidence) that supports the inclusion of a doctor on MERT. Several cohort studies were identified that analysed the benefits of specific critical care interventions in the pre-hospital setting.

Conclusions: A doctor with critical care skills deployed on the MERT is associated with improved survival in victims of major trauma. Specific critical care interventions including emergency endotracheal intubation and ventilation, and intercostal drainage are associated with improved survival and functional recovery in certain patients.

| Tags : evasan, medevac

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