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31/03/2015

Intubation: Le médecin ou L'infirmier ? En fait il faut être bien formé

Role Allocation and Team Dynamics during Pre-Hospital Rapid Sequence Induction of Anaesthesia by a Physician-Critical Care Paramedic Team in the United Kingdom: A 12 Months Review of Practice

Crombie et al., J Anesth Clin Res 2015, 6:2

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La procédure du sauvetage au combat prévoit que les IDE puissent être amenés à intuber un blessé au combat, y compris si un médecin n'est pas présent.  Le travail proposé montre que cela est parfaitement possible grâce à une formation adaptée.

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Background: Critical care paramedics working alongside physicians in the West Midlands MERIT scheme Medical Emergency Response Incident Team (MERIT) have been shown to demonstrate high levels of proficiency in laryngoscopy during Rapid Sequence Induction of anaesthesia (RSI). The MERIT SOP does not stipulate the team member who should be allocated the role of laryngoscopy during RSI. The aim of this study is to analyse and identify factors that influence role allocation in pre-hospital RSI performed by MERIT scheme personnel in the West Midlands.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review from 12 months of our mission database for patients who had undergone pre-hospital RSI performed by MERIT. Data collected included the indication for RSI, the number of intubation attempts (including documented failures to intubate), documentation of predicted difficulty in intubation and the degree of airway soiling prior to RSI. The clinical role of the operator performing laryngoscopy was recorded for each attempt.

Results: 113 cases or pre-hospital RSI were identified. Critical care paramedics successfully intubated 49/58 (84.48%) cases in which they were allocated the first attempt at laryngoscopy. Success at first attempt lower for physicians (76.92%) but greater proportions of such cases involved patients at the extremes of age and heavy airway soiling with a wider range of indications.

Conclusions: As part of a multidisciplinary team working alongside physicians, Critical Care Paramedics successfully intubate the majority of patients at the first attempt in carefully selected groups. Further research to investigate other factors at scene that influence role allocation and team dynamics in pre-hospital RSI is required

| Tags : airway

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