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08/04/2019

Simulation: Pas que le sauvetage au combat

Simulation Training for Operational Medicine Providers (STOMP): Impact of a Comprehensive Skills-Based Curriculum for Military General Medical Officers

Spooner MT et Al. Mil Med. 2018 Dec 4. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usy346

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Nos camarades US ont identifié 22 gestes qu'ils considèrent comme devoir être acquis par leur médecins généralistes. Ce travail démontre l'apport de la simulation pour l'apprentissage de ce geste et milite pour un curriculum basé sur la maîtrise de gestes choisis.

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A standardized training curriculum designed for general medical officers (GMO) titled Simulation Training for Operational Medicine Providers (STOMP) was recently developed to educate and improve GMOs’ procedural skills through directed feedback prior to assuming duties in an operational environment. This study aimed to determine the impact this novel curriculum had on GMOs’confidence levels in 21 core privileges covering eight different subspecialties while stationed at Naval Medical Center Portsmouth (NMCP).

Materials and Methods

A cohort study from 2015 to 2017 was designed to address our specific aim to examine if the implementation of the STOMP curriculum increased GMOs’ confidence levels. Fifty-seven participants enrolled in the study. The GMO case group completed the STOMP curriculum (n = 22), while the control or GMO self-study group (n = 35) did not complete the curriculum. Six months after starting clinical practice at NMCP, both groups completed an online survey that assessed their confidence level in performing each core privilege using a 5-point Likert scale. Scores were analyzed using a Wilcoxon Mann–Whitney test. Research data were derived from an approved Naval Medical Center, Portsmouth, Virginia IRB, protocol number: NMCP.2016.0010.

Results

Participants demonstrated a statistically significant increase in self-rated confidence scores (p < 0.05) in nine core privilege skills: punch biopsy, shave biopsy, excisional biopsy, removal of otic foreign body, removal of nasal foreign body, removal of ocular foreign body, tonometry, incision and drainage of a thrombosed hemorrhoid, and reduction of simple closed fractures and dislocations.

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Conclusions

These findings suggest that a novel and recently developed standardized simulation training curriculum entitled STOMP improves the confidence levels of early career physicians’ in several primary care procedural skills and is an ideal adjunct to traditional lecture-based teaching prior to independent practice in a primary care environment.

 

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